The marine department at the Norwegian Accident Investigation Board (AIBN) was established 1 July 2008. The sole objective of investigating an accident is to determine its circumstances and causes, with the aim of improving the safety of life at sea and the avoidance of accidents in the future. It is not the Board's task to apportion blame or liability.

In accordance with legislation, the board will investigate all marine accidents involving Norwegian passenger ships, as well as accidents involving other Norwegian ships, including fishing vessels, where crew, shipmaster or others have or are assumed to have lost their life. Further, the board may investigate accidents involving foreign ships that occur in Norwegian territorial waters in addition to accidents with foreign ships in other waters when the flag State consents or if Norwegian jurisdiction can be applied in accordance with international law. The Accident Investigation Board may also investigate other marine accidents, including accidents with recreational craft, if clarification of the causes may contribute to increased safety at sea.
The former arrangement with maritime inquiries will be replaced by the new legislation. The police will maintain the assessment of accidents and incidents with regard to criminal aspects.
The arrangement with the "Permanent board of inquiry for certain accidents in the fishing fleet" was suspended from 1 July 2008. 

M/T "Jo Gran" på vei til Kobe fra Panama-kanalen
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